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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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strength. It is no exaggeration to say that they influenced the course of
several decisive operations ... As to the navy, merchant marine and air force,
it is enough to say that their honourable, everyday service for the last five
years has been continued in the invasions with exceptional intensity and
with considerable effect.
"... A large number of statute laws are under preparation by the Govern-
ment. All these drafts are submitted to the Home Country for its approval.
They have in common an honest desire to lay solid democratic foundations
under the new Republic,, whose slogan ought to be—free men in a free
• " Democracy requires not only a sovereign Parliament, but also the free
expression of public opinion. To secure this freedom, the new press law
now debated in the National Council, is based on the principle of the com-
plete freedom of the Press. With the same end in view the new Bill about
popular meetings provides for the complete freedom of meetings which are
to be free from all administrative supervision. Again the Bill regarding the
right of association,, guarantees to the citizens complete freedom of union
and coalition ....
" I should like to devote some attention to our plans for the social and
economic reconstruction after the war. As I have said, in this field we shall
take our cue from the declarations which have been made by our Under-
ground Organisation at home with regard to these matters. Those declara-
tions demand the raising of the economic potential of Poland, the disap-
pearance of social inequalities, the re-distribution of land property and
bringing it within the reach of everyone and, finally, the raising of the
National Income and its just distribution.
" The State will direct and control the chief industries and embark upon
a programme of planned economy. Some industries will be nationalised;,
while the whole national economy will be carried out according to plan. No
other policy is possible after the frightful devastation to which our country
has been subjected and after its ruthless exploitation during so many years
of enemy occupation. Nevertheless, the State will encourage private initi-
ative in founding new works, be they industrial, commercial or crafts. The
State will encourage and support the co-operative movement. A thorough
reconstruction of agriculture must take place, on the basis of increasing the
number of agricultural holdings and enlarging dwarf holdings.
"Another important task of the Polish State will be to raise the level of
culture and education, the reconstruction of educational facilities and cultural
institutions destroyed by the occupying Power and the placing of education
and knowledge within reach of the masses.
" This has been a faithful commentary of the essentials of the programme
harmoniously worked out by the four parties represented on the Council of
National Unity in Poland. We do not intend to regard this programme as a
mere ornament, for us it will be a practical injunction for our daily Govern-
ment and work . . . Here, I should like to stress once more the hard work and
sacrificial efforts of our authorities and offices at home in forming a Polish
administration amidst the most difficult conditions under the invader.
" I should also like to stress that national minorities in Poland will have
full, equal rights. In particular, the Government will take great care of its
citizens of Jewish nationality, who have suffered the greatest and most
grievous losses in the struggle against the occupying forces and who know
not only how to suffer, but also how to fight the Germans, as for instance in
the defence of the Warsaw ghetto in 1943 . . . My Government declares,
as it has declared on more than one occasion, that all German and-Jewish
regulations in Poland are illegal and not binding. The Government will